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24 December 2020 Wishing our members a happy and peaceful Christmas 2020 has been a year like no other and one that none of us could have anticipated this time buy kamagra online uk last year. This has been an unprecedented period and we shall look back at this erectile dysfunction treatment episode in our history as a time of challenge, suffering and, for those that have lost friends and relatives, sorrow.However, despite all its tragedies, this year has been a time of great change, innovation and doing things differently and, often, better. It has been a year in which, due to your hard work and the key role you play, we can confidently say that we are no longer the unseen healthcare profession. Together, we have been able to promote and increase recognition of biomedical scientists and laboratory staff – both with the general public and at the highest levels of government and not just for those dealing with the erectile dysfunction buy kamagra online uk but across all disciplines.

It has been a privilege to work for you during such an important time and to highlight your immense contributions to patients in particular and healthcare in general. As professionals, you run twenty-four-hour services, three-hundred and sixty-five days a year, kamagra or not, because your expertise is vital in order for us to care for everyone who uses, and benefits from, any and all healthcare services. At this time of year, when others are lucky enough to mix within a three-household bubble, it is certain that many buy kamagra online uk of you will be in the laboratory supporting patient care. You need to know that you are very much appreciated by patients, colleagues, and your family and friends.

That said, I hope that you will get the chance to share time with your loved ones over the festive period and recharge your batteries ready for what, I trust, with the vaccination programme now underway, can only be a happier and less pressured 2021. I wish you and your loved ones a very Merry Christmas and a peaceful, healthy and successful New Year.18 December 2020 Dr Martin Khechara FIBMS has been buy kamagra online uk confirmed on the British Science Association’s (BSA) Media Fellowship scheme for 2020. The IBMS sponsored a place on the British Science Association’s (BSA) Media Fellowship scheme for 2020 and members who met the award criteria were invited to apply. The winner of the selection process, Dr Martin Khechara FIBMS has now been matched with 'The Naked Scientists' podcast for the placement.

Martin is a microbiologist who has previously worked buy kamagra online uk at Porton Down and is now a Senior Lecturer in Biomedical Science at the University of Wolverhampton. He is also the Associate Professor for Public Engagement in STEM. As part of this, Martin is leading a public engagement group called ‘Science Shack’ which provides engaging and educational science experiences for schools and the wider community. Firstly, Martin attended three training buy kamagra online uk sessions in November.

These comprised of a session covering placement logistics/ what to expect on their placement, followed by a session hearing from previous Fellow’s and Media hosts, and finally, a journalism ‘101’. All the Fellows were given a list of helpful resources and a copy of a book titled ‘The Craft of Science Writing’, recommended by a journalist. Martin will be placed at the Naked Scientists for 6 weeks, starting January 10, buy kamagra online uk 2021. The British Science Association’s Media Fellowships provide a unique opportunity for practicing scientists, clinicians and engineers to spend two to six weeks working at the heart of a media outlet such as The Guardian, BBC Breakfast or Sky News.

Martin will have the chance to gain an understanding of how the media works and to collaborate on stories with journalists. As well as undertaking the media placement, Martin will also take part in presenting at buy kamagra online uk the British Science Festival. It is then hoped that he will be involved in future news stories promoting biomedical science. On being awarded the fellowship, Martin said.

“I am delighted to be able to support the Institute's public engagement efforts as a British Science Association (BSA) buy kamagra online uk Media Fellow. Public engagement with biomedical science is so important, especially in the current climate, and I hope that my new position and skills in science communication can support biomedical scientists to better promote the vital job they do in NHS trusts across the country. To be given this opportunity is the culmination of many years of developing myself as a public engagement specialist for STEM and to say that I am excited and proud is just not enough words!. I would just like to say a massive thank you to the buy kamagra online uk IBMS and the BSA for giving me this opportunity.

I’ll do you proud I promise!. € Due to the kamagra situation, the 2020 fellowship programme was pushed back until January 2021..

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According to the Hearing Loss Association of America (HLAA), of the 15% of buy kamagra online uk Americans who report some degree of hearing loss, read here about 60 percent are either in the workplace or an educational setting.Online chats and captioned Zoom calls can makeworking with hearing loss easier. Hearing loss can require a little extra work, but it shouldn’t decrease your productivity or place any additional stress on your day. Most inconveniences stem from a misunderstanding, so open communication is key for effective relationships.

Don’t be afraid to ask someone to speak clearly, or to buy kamagra online uk look at you while they’re talking. Small changes to your work environment can keep the office running smoothly. If you have hearing loss, and especially if you recently discovered your hearing impairment, you might need to give your coworkers and your boss a few tips on how to best communicate with you.

If you’ve recently gone through a job change, there’s a good buy kamagra online uk chance your new colleagues have not been exposed to hearing loss before. Once you make someone aware of your condition, you can both successfully work around it. Hearing loss and employment Employers in the U.S.

Are legally obligated to provide an equal opportunity workplace under the buy kamagra online uk Americans with Disabilities Act, including for employees with hearing loss. Workplace changes can include providing assistive listening devices and making other accomodations that smooth out any communication hurdles. Resources from HLAA HLAA has put together several fantastic resources for employees with hearing loss, including a very thorough employment toolkit that covers just about every issue an employee with hearing loss might encounter.

Federal resources on working with hearing loss buy kamagra online uk The U.S. Equal Opportunity Employment Comission has detailed guidance on deafness and hearing impairments in the workplace and the Americans with Disabilities Act. Wearing hearing aids at work Hearing aids work exceptionally well for most people with mild to moderate hearing loss.

If you're new to hearing aids, keep in mind it may take time to adjust to them in buy kamagra online uk different settings, including at your job. Unlike eyeglasses, hearing aids require a "ramp-up" process to full-time wear that can take a few weeks. If you've given it a couple of months, and you are still having trouble adapting to wearing hearing aids in the workplace, consult your audiologist for advice.

She may be able to program the settings to work better for your typical working conditions, and she can be an buy kamagra online uk excellent resource for recommending assistive listening devices (below). Assistive listening devices in the workplace In an office setting, you may find that you need extra help beyond what your hearing aids can provide. Utilizing assistive listening devices can help bridge the gap.

A buy kamagra online uk t-coil in your hearing aid is common in many hearing aid models, and it opens up the door to assistive devices that can make your life much easier. For example, FM systems use telecoils, and they can be used in a variety of settings. Directional microphone technology makes it easier for you to hear the intended speaker without background noise.

This is especially helpful buy kamagra online uk in meeting or conference settings where outside noise or people talking over one another can be an issue. Captioned telephones are great for people who have a lot of conference calls. These devices translate words into text on a screen connected to the phone.

By being able to hear and see what the person on the other line is saying, you buy kamagra online uk have a greater chance of clearly comprehending the conversation. Bluetooth technology is also helpful for those with hearing aids who spend a lot of time on the phone. With the flip of a switch on your hearing aids, you can connect to a phone digitally and avoid interference that is common with hearing aids and telephones.

Hearing loss and workplace comunication tips You can do your part by letting your coworkers know some good ways to buy kamagra online uk communicate with you in person. For starters, those with hearing loss tend to do better in person than over the phone, so when it’s possible, ask they come to your office instead of dialing your extension. That way, you can use context clues like lip reading, facial expressions and body language as an aid in conversation.

(During the kamagra, when social distancing is important, an email or chat window might be preferable to a phone or Zoom call, unless it's captioned.) If an in-person visit is necessary, ask them to walk your line of sight if you aren’t responding to their attempts to buy kamagra online uk get your attention. It’s less startling to see someone walk up to you than it is to be tapped on the back. In meetings and boardrooms, ask that they try not to speak when facing away from you, as in when they’re writing out bullet points on the dry-erase board.

Talking while a person’s back is turned to you projects the person’s voice against the wall, making it difficult buy kamagra online uk to understand even if you’re sitting close to the speaker. Office arrangement Open-layout cubicles are not always conducive to people with hearing loss, because there is a lot of activity going on that can distract you from your work. Trying to have a phone conversation the same time as your coworker in the cubicle next to you is difficult enough with normal hearing.

Ask to be put in a private office with buy kamagra online uk a door, if available. This way you can shut out the noise and focus on your work, making you a more efficient and productive employee. How to help a coworker who has hearing loss Even if you aren’t the boss, you can still help create a positive workplace environment when deaf or hard-of-hearing coworkers are present.

Speak clearly, not loudly, buy kamagra online uk and don’t jumble or slur your words. Raising your voice won't help. Keep phone calls short and confirm key points at the end of the call.

As much as possible, be mindful of extraneous workplace buy kamagra online uk noise, especially that which might occur right by their desk or office. Making an effort to avoid impromptu conversations or talking over office partitions will go a long way in creating a comfortable working environment for everyone. Hearing loss due to work?.

If you believe you've lost buy kamagra online uk your hearing due to workplace conditions, see our page on OSHA and hearing loss. Work is one of the most common places people will be exposed to harmful levels of noise, which puts them at risk of noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). OSHA has a set of workers' rights meant to protect people from harm, including hearing loss.

Get help buy kamagra online uk if you can't hear at work If your struggling to hear at work, have your hearing evaluated by a hearing healthcare professional. If you have hearing loss that can be treated with hearing aids, buy the ones that fit your lifestyle and budget. If you are unable to afford the technology you need.

Check with your employer to see if you qualify for Vocational Rehabilitation buy kamagra online uk. To find what hearing health services are covered and if you qualify, visit your home state website or search the internet for “vocational rehabilitation” and your state name. Your insurance provider may cover a portion of expenses related to hearing aids and ALDs.

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IntroductionEarly life is regarded as http://audreybastien.com/corporatif a crucial period of neurobiological, kamagra chewable review emotional, social and physical development in all animal species and may have long-term implications for health across the life course. The first studies examining the preadult origins of chronic disease kamagra chewable review were probably published more than 50 years ago and based on rodent models.1 By briefly administering a suboptimal diet to newborn mice, Dubos and others1 demonstrated a marked impact on subsequent growth and resistance to . In the 1970s, Forsdahl,2 using infant mortality rates as a proxy for living conditions at birth, arguably provided the first evidence in humans for an association with heart disease in later life.

In the last two decades, findings from longitudinal studies with extended mortality and morbidity surveillance have implicated a host of preadult characteristics as potential risk factors for several chronic disease outcomes, including perinatal and postnatal growth,3 coordination,4 intelligence,5 6 mental health,7 overweight,8 9 physical stature,10 raised blood pressure,11 12 cigarette smoking,13 physical strength14 and diet15 among many others.16An array of prospective studies has also demonstrated associations of childhood socioeconomic disadvantage–indexed by paternal social class or education, the presence of household amenities and domestic overcrowding—with somatic health outcomes in adulthood, chiefly premature mortality and cardiovascular disease.17 18 Parallel work has been undertaken by psychologists and psychiatrists exploring the consequences of childhood maeatment for later psychopathologies—perhaps the most well examined health endpoint in this context.19 20 Collectively, these kamagra chewable review early life circumstances have been more widely defined to comprise the separate themes of material deprivation (eg, economic hardship and long-term unemployment). Stressful family dynamics (eg, physical and emotional abuse, psychiatric illness kamagra chewable review or substance abuse by a family member). Loss or threat of loss (eg, death or serious illness …INTRODUCTIONSevere acute respiratory syndrome erectile dysfunction 2 (erectile dysfunction), causative agent of erectile dysfunction disease (erectile dysfunction treatment), emerged in Wuhan, China, in late 2019.

On 11 March 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared erectile dysfunction treatment a kamagra, with over 10 million confirmed cases kamagra chewable review as of the beginning of July 2020.1 2 The first patient in the Netherlands was confirmed on 27 February 2020.3 Cases primarily clustered in the southeastern part of the country, but were reported in other regions quickly hereafter. Multi-pronged interventions to suppress the spread of the kamagra, including social distancing, school and bar/restaurant closure, and stringent advice to home quarantine when feeling ill and work from home, were implemented on 16 March 2020—and were relaxed gradually since 1 June 2020. By 1 July 2020, 50 273 cases, 11 877 hospitalisations, and 6113 related deaths were reported in the Netherlands.3Supplemental materialReported erectile dysfunction treatment cases worldwide are an underestimation of the true magnitude of kamagra chewable review the kamagra.

The scope of undetected cases remains largely unknown due to difference in restrictive testing policy and registration across countries, and occurrence of asymptomatic s.4 5 Large-scale nationwide serosurveillance studies measuring erectile dysfunction-specific serum antibodies could help to better assess the number of s, viral spread, and groups at risk of kamagra chewable review in the general population by incorporating extensive questionnaire data, for example, on lifestyle, behaviour and profession. This might yield different factors than those identified for (severely-ill) clinical cases investigated more frequently up until now.6 7 Unfortunately, such nationwide studies (eg, in Spain8 and Iceland,9) also referred to as Unity Studies by the WHO,10 are scarce and mainly set up through convenience sampling.Therefore, a nationwide serosurveillance study (PIENTER-Corona, PICO) was initiated quickly after the lockdown was in effect. This cohort is unique as it comprises data available from a previous serosurvey established in 2016/17 (PIENTER-3) of a randomised nationwide sample of Dutch citizens, across all ages and a separate sample enriched for Orthodox-Reformed Protestants, whom might have been kamagra chewable review exposed to erectile dysfunction more frequently due to their socio-geographical-clustered lifestyle.11 12 The presented serological framework and findings of our first round of inclusion can support public health policy in the Netherlands as well as internationally.METHODSStudy designIn 2016/17, the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment of the Netherlands (RIVM) initiated a large-scale nationwide serosurveillance study (PIENTER-3) (n=7600.

Age-range 0–89 years). The primary aim was to obtain insights into the protection against treatment-preventable diseases offered by the National Immunisation Programme in the kamagra chewable review Netherlands. A comprehensive description of PIENTER-3 has been published previously.13 Briefly, participants were selected via a two-stage cluster kamagra chewable review design, comprising 40 municipalities in five regions nationwide (henceforth ‘national sample’, NS), and nine municipalities in the low vaccination coverage municipalities (LVC), inhabited by a relative large proportion of Orthodox-Reformed Protestants (figure 1).

Among other materials, sera and questionnaire data had been collected from all participants. Hence, the PIENTER-3 study acted kamagra chewable review as baseline sample of the Dutch population for the present cross-sectional PICO-study since 6102 participants (80%) consented to be approached for follow-up (after updating addresses and screening of possible deaths). The study was powered to estimate an overall seroprevalence with a precision of at least 2.5%.13 The PICO-study protocol was approved by the Medical Ethics Committee MEC-U, the Netherlands (Clinical Trial Registration NTR8473), and conformed to the principles embodied in the Declaration of Helsinki.Geographical representation of number of participants in the PICO-study, the Netherlands, first round of inclusion, per municipality.

The size of the dots reflect kamagra chewable review the absolute number of participants. Thicker grey and smaller light grey boundaries represent provinces and municipalities, respectively, and orange and blue boundaries characterise municipalities from the national and low kamagra chewable review vaccination coverage sample, respectively." data-icon-position data-hide-link-title="0">Figure 1 Geographical representation of number of participants in the PICO-study, the Netherlands, first round of inclusion, per municipality. The size of the dots reflect the absolute number of participants.

Thicker grey and smaller light grey boundaries represent provinces and municipalities, respectively, and orange and blue boundaries characterise municipalities from the kamagra chewable review national and low vaccination coverage sample, respectively.Study population and materialsOn 25 March 2020, an invitation letter was sent. Invitees (age-range 2–92 years) willing to participate registered online. After enrolment, participants received an instruction letter on how to self-collect kamagra chewable review a fingerstick blood sample in a microtainer (maximum of 0.3 mL).

Blood samples were returned kamagra chewable review to the RIVM-laboratory in safety envelopes. Serum samples were stored at −20°C awaiting analyses. Materials were collected between March 31 and May 11, with the kamagra chewable review majority (80%) in the first week of April 2020 (median collection date April 3).

Simultaneous with the blood collection, participants were asked to complete an (online) questionnaire, including questions regarding sociodemographic characteristics, erectile dysfunction treatment-related symptoms, and potential other determinants for erectile dysfunction seropositivity, such as comorbidities, medication use and behavioural factors. All participants provided written informed consent.Laboratory methodsSerum samples (diluted 1:200) were tested for the presence of erectile dysfunction spike S1-specific IgG antibodies using a validated fluorescent bead-based multiplex-immunoassay as described.14 A cut-off concentration for seropositivity (2.37 AU/mL kamagra chewable review. With specificity of kamagra chewable review 99% and sensitivity of 84.4%) was determined by ROC-analysis of 400 pre-kamagra control samples (including a nationwide random cross-sectional sample (n=108)) as well as patients with confirmed influenza-like illnesses caused by erectile dysfunctiones and other kamagraes, and a selection of sera from 115 PCR-confirmed erectile dysfunction treatment cases with mild, or severe disease symptoms.

Seropositive PICO-samples and those with a concentration 25% below the cut-off were retested (n=138), and the geometric mean concentration (GMC) was calculated. Paired pre-kamagra PIENTER-3-samples of these retested PICO-samples (available from 129/138) were tested correspondingly as described above to correct for false-positive results (online supplemental figure S1A).Statistical analysesStudy population, erectile dysfunction treatment-related symptoms and antibody responsesData management and kamagra chewable review analyses were conducted in SAS v.9.4 (SAS Institute Inc., USA) and R v.3.6. P values <0.05 were considered statistically significant.

Sociodemographic characteristics and erectile dysfunction treatment-related symptoms (general, respiratory, and gastrointestinal) developed since the start of the epidemic were stratified by sample (NS vs LVC), or sex, respectively, and described for seropositive and seronegative kamagra chewable review participants. Differences were tested via Pearson’s kamagra chewable review χ², or Fisher’s exact test if appropriate. Differences in GMC between reported symptoms in seropositive participants were determined by calculating the difference in log-transformed concentrations of those who developed symptoms at least 4 weeks prior to the sampling—ensuring a plateaued response—and tested by means of a Mann-Whitney U-test.Seroprevalence estimatesSeroprevalence estimates (with 95% Wilson CIs (CI)) for erectile dysfunction-specific antibodies were calculated taking into account the survey design (ie, controlling for region and municipality) and weighted by sex, age, ethnic background and degree of urbanisation to match the distribution of the general Dutch population in both the NS and LVC sample.

Estimates were corrected for test performance via the Rogan & kamagra chewable review. Gladen bias correction (with sensitivity of 84.4% and assuming a specificity of 100% after cross-validation with pre-sera).15 Smooth age-specific seroprevalence estimates were obtained with a logistic regression in a Generalised Additive Model using penalised splines.16Risk factors for erectile dysfunction seropositivityA random-effects logistic regression model was used to identify risk factors for erectile dysfunction seropositivity, applying a full case analysis (n=3100. Values were missing for <5% of the kamagra chewable review participants).

Potential risk factors included sociodemographic characteristics (sex, age group, region, ethnic background, Orthodox-Reformed Protestants, educational level, household size, kamagra chewable review (parent with a) contact profession, healthcare worker), and erectile dysfunction treatment-related factors (contact with a erectile dysfunction treatment confirmed case, number of persons contacted yesterday, working from home (normally and in the last week), comorbidities (combining diabetes, history of malignancy, immunodeficiency, cardio-vascular, kidney and chronic lung disease (note. As a sensitivity analysis, comorbidities were also included separately)), and use of blood pressure medication, immunosuppressants, statins and antivirals/antibiotics in the last month). Models included a random intercept, potential clustering by municipality and region was accounted for, and odds ratios (OR) in univariable analyses were a kamagra chewable review priori adjusted for sex and age.

Variables with p<0.10 were entered in the multivariable analysis, and backward selection was performed—manually dropping variables one-by-one based on p≥0.05—to identify significant risk factors. Adjusted ORs and corresponding 95% CIs were provided.RESULTSStudy populationOf 6102 invitees, 3207 (53%) donated a serum sample and filled-out the questionnaire, of which 2637 persons kamagra chewable review from the NS and 570 from the LVC. Participants from kamagra chewable review across the country participated (figure 1), with age ranging from 2 to 90 years (table 1).

In the NS, slightly more women (55%) participated, most (88%) were of Dutch descent, nearly half had a high educational level, and 45% was religious. 20 percent of persons between age 25–66 years were healthcare workers and kamagra chewable review 56% of the (parents of) participants reported to have had daily contact with patients, clients and/or children in their profession/volunteer work normally. Over half of the participants lived in a ≥2-person household, and 78% reported to have had physical contact with <5 people outside their own household yesterday (during lockdown), of which more than half with nobody.

Comorbidities most frequently reported included chronic lung and cardiovascular disease (both 13%), kamagra chewable review and a history of malignancy (5%). In line with the population distribution, the LVC sample was characterised by a kamagra chewable review relative high proportion of Orthodox-Reformed Protestants from Dutch descent (table 1). Sociodemographic characteristics between responders and non-responders are provided in online supplemental table S1.View this table:Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of participants in the PICO-study and weighted seroprevalence in the general population of the Netherlands, first round of inclusion, by national sample and low vaccination coverage sampleSupplemental materialerectile dysfunction treatment-related symptoms and antibody responsesIn total, 63% of participants reported to have had ≥1 erectile dysfunction treatment-related symptom(s) since the start of the epidemic, with runny nose (37%), headache (33%), and cough (30%) being most common (table 2).

All reported symptoms were significantly higher in seropositive compared to seronegative kamagra chewable review persons, except for stomach ache. The majority of those seropositive (93%) reported to have had symptoms (90% of men vs 95% of women), of whom three already in mid-February, 2 weeks prior to the official first notification kamagra chewable review. Median duration of illness in the seropositive participants was 8.5 days (IQR.

4.0–12.5), 16% (n=12) visited ageneral practitioner and one was admitted to kamagra chewable review the hospital. Among seropositive persons, most reported to have had ≥1 respiratory symptom(s) (86%), with runny nose and cough (both 61%) most regularly, and ≥1 general (84%) symptom(s), of which anosmia/ageusia (53%) was most discriminative as compared to the seronegative participants (4%, p<0.0001) (table 2). Symptoms were more common in women, except for kamagra chewable review anosmia/ageusia, cough and irritable/confusion.

Almost 75% of the seropositive participants met the erectile dysfunction treatment case definition of fever and/or cough and/or dyspnoea, which improved to 80% when kamagra chewable review anosmia/ageusia was included—while remaining 36% in those seronegative. GMC was significantly higher among seropositive persons with fever vs without (48.2 vs 11.6 AU/mL, p=0.01), and with dyspnoea vs without (78.6 vs 13.5 AU/mL, p=0.04).View this table:Table 2 erectile dysfunction treatment-related symptoms since the start of the epidemic among all participants in the PICO-study reporting symptoms (n=3147), first round of inclusionSeroprevalence estimatesOverall weighted seroprevalence in the NS was 2.8% (95% CI 2.1 to 3.7), did not differ between sexes or ethnic backgrounds (table 1), and was not higher among healthcare workers (2.7% vs non-healthcare workers 2.5%). Seroprevalence was kamagra chewable review lowest in the northern region (1.3%) and highest in the mid-west (4.0%).

Estimates were lowest in children—gradually increasing from below 1% at age 2 years to 3% at 17 years—was highest in age group 18–39 years (4.9%) and ranged between 2 and 4% up to 90 years of age (figure 2). In both samples, seroprevalence was highest in Orthodox-Reformed Protestants (>7%) kamagra chewable review (table 1). Online supplement figure S1B displays the distribution of IgG concentrations for all participants by kamagra chewable review age, and online supplemental figure S2 ⇓shows the seroprevalence smoothed by age in the LVC.Smooth age-specific erectile dysfunction seroprevalence in the general population of the Netherlands, beginning of April 2020." data-icon-position data-hide-link-title="0">Figure 2 Smooth age-specific erectile dysfunction seroprevalence in the general population of the Netherlands, beginning of April 2020.Risk factors for erectile dysfunction seropositivityVariables that were associated with erectile dysfunction seropositivity in univariable analyses included age group, Orthodox-Reformed Protestant, had been in contact with a erectile dysfunction treatment case, use of immunosuppressants, and antibiotic/antiviral medication in the last month (table 3).

In multivariable analysis, substantial higher odds were observed for those who took immunosuppressants the last month, were Orthodox-Reformed Protestant, had been in contact with a erectile dysfunction treatment confirmed case, and from age groups 18–24 and 25–39 years (compared to 2–12 years).View this table:Table 3 Risk factor analysis for erectile dysfunction seropositivity among all participants (n=3100. Full case kamagra chewable review analysis) in the PICO-study, first round of inclusionDISCUSSIONHere, we have estimated the seroprevalence of erectile dysfunction-specific antibodies and identified risk factors for seropositivity in the general population of the Netherlands during the first epidemic wave in April 2020. Although overall seroprevalence was still low at this phase, important risk factors for seropositivity could be identified, including adults aged 18–39 years, persons using immunosuppressants, and Orthodox-Reformed Protestants.

These data can guide future interventions, including kamagra chewable review strategies for vaccination, believed to be a realistic solution to overcome this kamagra.This PICO-study revealed that 2.8% (95% CI 2.1 to 3.7) of the Dutch population had detectable erectile dysfunction-specific serum IgG antibodies, suggesting that almost half a million inhabitants (of in total 17 423 98117) were infected (487 871 (95% CI 365 904 to 644 687)) in mid-March, 2020 (taking into account the median time to seroconvert18). Several seropositive participants reported to have had kamagra chewable review erectile dysfunction treatment-related symptoms back in mid-February, suggesting the kamagra circulated in our country at the beginning of February already. Our overall estimate is in line with preliminary results from another study conducted in the Netherlands in the beginning of April which found 2.7% to be seropositive, although this study was performed in healthy blood donors aged 18–79 years.19 Worldwide, various seroprevalence studies are ongoing.

A large nationwide study in Spain showed that around 5% (ranging between 3.7% and 6.2%) was seropositive, indicating that kamagra chewable review only a small proportion of the population had been infected in one of the hardest hit countries in Europe. Current studies in literature mostly cover erectile dysfunction treatment hotspots or specific regions—with possibly bias in selection of participants and/or smaller age-ranges—with rates ranging between 1–7% in April (eg, in Los Angeles County (CA, USA)20 or ten other sites in the USA,21 Geneva (Switzerland),22 and Luxembourg23). Estimates also very much depend kamagra chewable review on test performances.

Particularly, when seroprevalence is relatively low, specificity of the assay should approach near 100% to diminish false-positive kamagra chewable review results and minimise overestimation. Although we cannot rule-out false-positive samples completely, our assay was validated using a broad range of positive and negative erectile dysfunction samples. PICO-samples were cross-linked to pre-kamagra concentration kamagra chewable review.

And bias correction for test performance was applied to represent most accurate estimates. In addition, future studies should establish whether epidemiologically dominant genetic changes in the spike protein of erectile dysfunction influence binding to spike S1 used in our and other assays.Seroprevalence was highest in adults aged 18–39 years, which is in line with the serosurvey among blood donors in the Netherlands, but contrary to the low incidence rate as reported in Dutch surveillance, caused by restrictive testing of risk groups and healthcare workers at the beginning of the epidemic, primarily identifying severe cases.3 19 The elevation in these younger adults may be explained by increased social contacts typical for this age group, in addition to specific social activities in February, such as skiing holidays in the Alps (from where the kamagra disseminated quickly across Europe), or carnival festivities in the Netherlands (ie, multiple superspreading kamagra chewable review events primarily in the mid and Southern part, explaining local elevation in seroprevalence). In correspondence with other kamagra chewable review nationwide studies8 9 and reports from the Dutch government,3 24 seroprevalence was lowest in children.

Although some rare events of paediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome have been reported, this group seems to be at decreased risk for developing (severe) erectile dysfunction treatment in general, which may be explained by less severe possibly resulting in a limited humoral response.25 26 Further, significantly higher odds for seropositivity were seen in Orthodox-Reformed Protestants. This community lives socio-geographically clustered in the Netherlands, that is, work, school, leisure and church are intertwined heavily kamagra chewable review. As observed in other countries, particularly frequent attendance of church with close distance to others, including singing activities, might have fuelled the spread of erectile dysfunction within this community in the beginning of the epidemic.11 12 Whereas the comorbidities with possible increased risk of severe erectile dysfunction treatment were not associated with seropositivity in this study, immunosuppressants use did display higher odds (note.

We did not have information of specific drugs) kamagra chewable review. Recent data indicate that immunosuppressive treatment is not associated with worse erectile dysfunction treatment outcomes,27 28 yet continued surveillance is warranted as these patients might be more prone to (future) , for instance due to a possible attenuated humoral immune response.29The majority of seropositive participants exhibited ≥1 symptom(s), mostly kamagra chewable review general and respiratory. A recent meta-analysis found a pooled asymptomatic proportion of 16%,5 hence the observed overall fraction in the present study (7%) might be a conservative estimate as the self-reported symptoms could have been due to other reasons or circulating pathogens along the recalled period (ie, 62% of the seronegative participants reported symptoms too).

The asymptomatic proportion might be different across ages5 and should be explored further along with elucidating the overall contribution of asymptomatic transmission via well-designed contact-tracing kamagra chewable review studies. Interestingly, clinical studies have observed anosmia/ageusia to be associated with erectile dysfunction , and this notion is supported here at a population-based level.30 In the kamagra context, sudden onset of anosmia/ageusia seems to be a useful surveillance tool, which can contribute to early disease recognition and minimise transmission by rapid self-isolation.This study has some limitations. First, although half of the total municipalities in kamagra chewable review the Netherlands were included, some erectile dysfunction treatment hotspots might be missed due to the study design.

Second, our study population consisted of more Dutch (88%) than non-Dutch persons and relative more healthcare workers (20%) when compared to the general population (76% and 14%, respectively).17 Healthcare workers in the Netherlands do not seem to have had a higher likelihood of , and transmission seems to have taken place mostly in household settings.3 31 Although selectivity in response was minimised by weighting our study sample on a set of sociodemographic kamagra chewable review characters to match the Dutch population, seroprevalence might still be slightly influenced. Third, some potential determinants for seropositivity could have been missed as we might have been underpowered to detect small differences given the low prevalence in this phase, or because these questions had not been included in the questionnaire (as it was designed in the very beginning of the epidemic). Finally, at this stage the proportion of infected individuals that fail to show detectable seroconversion is unknown, potentially leading to underestimation of the percentage of infected persons.To conclude, we estimated that 2.8% of the Dutch inhabitants, that is, nearly half a million, were infected kamagra chewable review with erectile dysfunction amidst the first epidemic wave in the beginning of April 2020.

This is in striking contrast with the 30-fold lower number of reported cases (of approximately 15 000)3, and underlines the importance of seroepidemiological studies to estimate the true kamagra size. The proportion of persons still susceptible to erectile dysfunction is high and IFR is substantial.4 Globally, nationwide seroepidemiological studies are urgently needed for better understanding of related risk factors, viral spread, and measures applied to mitigate dissemination.7 The prospective nature of our study will enable us to gain key insights on the duration and quality of antibody responses in infected persons, and hence possible protection of disease by antibodies.6 Serosurveys will thus play a major role in guiding future interventions, such as strategies for vaccination (of risk groups), since even when treatments become available, initial treatment availability will be limited.What is already known on this topicReported erectile dysfunction treatment cases worldwide are an underestimation of the true magnitude of the kamagra as the scope of undetected cases remains largely unknown.Various symptoms and risk factors have been identified in patients seeking medical advice, however, these may not be representative for s in the general population.Seroepidemiological studies in outbreak settings have been performed, however, studies on a nationwide level covering all ages remain limited.What this study addsThis nationwide seroepidemiological study covering all ages reveals that 2.8% of the Dutch kamagra chewable review population had been infected with erectile dysfunction at the beginning of April 2020, that is, 30 times higher than the official cases reported, leaving a large proportion of the population still susceptible for .The highest seroprevalence was observed in young adults from 18 to 39 years of age and lowest in children aged 2 to 17 years, indicating marginal erectile dysfunction s among children in general.Persons taking immunosuppressants as well as those from the Orthodox-Reformed Protestant community had over four times higher odds of being seropositive compared to others.The extend of the spread of erectile dysfunction and the risk groups identified here, can inform monitoring strategies and guide future interventions internationally.AcknowledgmentsFirst of all, we gratefully acknowledge the participants of the PICO-study. Secondly, this study would not have been possible without the instrumental contribution of colleagues from the National Institute of Public Health and Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, the Netherlands, more specially the department of Immunology of Infectious Diseases and treatments, regarding logistics and/or laboratory analyses (Marjan Bogaard-van Maurik, Annemarie Buisman, Pieter van Gageldonk, Hinke ten Hulscher-van Overbeek, Petra Jochemsen, Deborah Kleijne, Jessica Loch, Marjan Kuijer, Milou Ohm, Hella Pasmans, Lia de Rond, Debbie van Rooijen, Liza Tymchenko, Esther van Woudenbergh, and Mary-lene de Zeeuw-Brouwer), the Epidemiology and Surveillance department concerning logistics (Francoise van Heiningen, Alies van Lier, Jeanet Kemmeren, Joske Hoes, Maarten Immink, Marit Middeldorp, Christiaan Oostdijk, Ilse Schinkel-Gordijn, Yolanda van Weert, and kamagra chewable review Anneke Westerhof), methodological insights (Hendriek Boshuizen, Susan Hahné, Scott McDonald, Rianne van Gageldonk-Lafeber, Jan van de Kassteele, and Maarten Schipper) and manuscript reviewing (Susan van den Hof, and Don Klinkenberg), department of IT and Communication for help with the invitations (Luppo de Vries, Daphne Gijselaar, and Maaike Mathu), student interns for additional support (Stijn Andeweg for creating online supplemental figures 1A and 1B.

Janine Wolf, Natasha Kaagman, and Demi Wagenaar for logistics. And Lisette van Cooten for data entry of paper questionnaires), and kamagra chewable review Sidekick-IT, Breda, the Netherlands, regarding data flow (Tim de Hoog). This study was funded by the ministry of Health, Welfare and Sports (VWS), the Netherlands..

IntroductionEarly life is regarded as a crucial period of neurobiological, emotional, social and physical buy kamagra online uk development in all animal species and may have long-term implications for health across the life course. The first studies examining the preadult origins of chronic disease were buy kamagra online uk probably published more than 50 years ago and based on rodent models.1 By briefly administering a suboptimal diet to newborn mice, Dubos and others1 demonstrated a marked impact on subsequent growth and resistance to . In the 1970s, Forsdahl,2 using infant mortality rates as a proxy for living conditions at birth, arguably provided the first evidence in humans for an association with heart disease in later life. In the last two decades, findings from longitudinal studies with extended mortality and morbidity surveillance have implicated a host of preadult characteristics as potential risk factors for several chronic disease outcomes, including perinatal and postnatal growth,3 coordination,4 intelligence,5 6 mental health,7 overweight,8 9 physical stature,10 raised blood pressure,11 12 cigarette smoking,13 physical strength14 and diet15 among many others.16An array of prospective studies has also demonstrated associations of childhood socioeconomic disadvantage–indexed by paternal social class or education, the presence of household amenities and domestic overcrowding—with somatic health outcomes in adulthood, chiefly premature mortality and cardiovascular disease.17 18 Parallel work has been undertaken by psychologists and psychiatrists exploring the consequences of buy kamagra online uk childhood maeatment for later psychopathologies—perhaps the most well examined health endpoint in this context.19 20 Collectively, these early life circumstances have been more widely defined to comprise the separate themes of material deprivation (eg, economic hardship and long-term unemployment). Stressful family buy kamagra online uk dynamics (eg, physical and emotional abuse, psychiatric illness or substance abuse by a family member).

Loss or threat of loss (eg, death or serious illness …INTRODUCTIONSevere acute respiratory syndrome erectile dysfunction 2 (erectile dysfunction), causative agent of erectile dysfunction disease (erectile dysfunction treatment), emerged in Wuhan, China, in late 2019. On 11 March 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared erectile dysfunction treatment a kamagra, buy kamagra online uk with over 10 million confirmed cases as of the beginning of July 2020.1 2 The first patient in the Netherlands was confirmed on 27 February 2020.3 Cases primarily clustered in the southeastern part of the country, but were reported in other regions quickly hereafter. Multi-pronged interventions to suppress the spread of the kamagra, including social distancing, school and bar/restaurant closure, and stringent advice to home quarantine when feeling ill and work from home, were implemented on 16 March 2020—and were relaxed gradually since 1 June 2020. By 1 July 2020, 50 273 buy kamagra online uk cases, 11 877 hospitalisations, and 6113 related deaths were reported in the Netherlands.3Supplemental materialReported erectile dysfunction treatment cases worldwide are an underestimation of the true magnitude of the kamagra. The scope of undetected cases remains largely unknown due to difference in restrictive testing policy and registration across countries, and occurrence of asymptomatic s.4 5 Large-scale nationwide serosurveillance studies measuring erectile dysfunction-specific serum antibodies could help to better assess buy kamagra online uk the number of s, viral spread, and groups at risk of in the general population by incorporating extensive questionnaire data, for example, on lifestyle, behaviour and profession.

This might yield different factors than those identified for (severely-ill) clinical cases investigated more frequently up until now.6 7 Unfortunately, such nationwide studies (eg, in Spain8 and Iceland,9) also referred to as Unity Studies by the WHO,10 are scarce and mainly set up through convenience sampling.Therefore, a nationwide serosurveillance study (PIENTER-Corona, PICO) was initiated quickly after the lockdown was in effect. This cohort is unique as it comprises data available from a previous serosurvey established in 2016/17 (PIENTER-3) of a randomised nationwide sample of Dutch citizens, across all ages and a separate sample enriched for Orthodox-Reformed Protestants, whom might have been exposed to erectile dysfunction more frequently due to their socio-geographical-clustered lifestyle.11 12 The presented serological framework and findings of our buy kamagra online uk first round of inclusion can support public health policy in the Netherlands as well as internationally.METHODSStudy designIn 2016/17, the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment of the Netherlands (RIVM) initiated a large-scale nationwide serosurveillance study (PIENTER-3) (n=7600. Age-range 0–89 years). The primary aim was to obtain insights into the protection against treatment-preventable diseases offered by the buy kamagra online uk National Immunisation Programme in the Netherlands. A comprehensive description of PIENTER-3 has been published previously.13 Briefly, participants were selected via a two-stage cluster design, comprising 40 municipalities buy kamagra online uk in five regions nationwide (henceforth ‘national sample’, NS), and nine municipalities in the low vaccination coverage municipalities (LVC), inhabited by a relative large proportion of Orthodox-Reformed Protestants (figure 1).

Among other materials, sera and questionnaire data had been collected from all participants. Hence, the PIENTER-3 study acted as baseline buy kamagra online uk sample of the Dutch population for the present cross-sectional PICO-study since 6102 participants (80%) consented to be approached for follow-up (after updating addresses and screening of possible deaths). The study was powered to estimate an overall seroprevalence with a precision of at least 2.5%.13 The PICO-study protocol was approved by the Medical Ethics Committee MEC-U, the Netherlands (Clinical Trial Registration NTR8473), and conformed to the principles embodied in the Declaration of Helsinki.Geographical representation of number of participants in the PICO-study, the Netherlands, first round of inclusion, per municipality. The size of the dots buy kamagra online uk reflect the absolute number of participants. Thicker grey and smaller light grey boundaries represent provinces and municipalities, respectively, and orange and blue boundaries characterise municipalities from the national and low vaccination coverage sample, respectively." data-icon-position data-hide-link-title="0">Figure 1 Geographical representation of number of participants in the buy kamagra online uk PICO-study, the Netherlands, first round of inclusion, per municipality.

The size of the dots reflect the absolute number of participants. Thicker grey and smaller light grey boundaries represent provinces and municipalities, buy kamagra online uk respectively, and orange and blue boundaries characterise municipalities from the national and low vaccination coverage sample, respectively.Study population and materialsOn 25 March 2020, an invitation letter was sent. Invitees (age-range 2–92 years) willing to participate registered online. After enrolment, participants received an instruction letter on how to self-collect a buy kamagra online uk fingerstick blood sample in a microtainer (maximum of 0.3 mL). Blood samples were returned to the RIVM-laboratory in safety buy kamagra online uk envelopes.

Serum samples were stored at −20°C awaiting analyses. Materials were collected between March 31 and May 11, with the majority (80%) in the first week of April 2020 (median collection date April 3) buy kamagra online uk. Simultaneous with the blood collection, participants were asked to complete an (online) questionnaire, including questions regarding sociodemographic characteristics, erectile dysfunction treatment-related symptoms, and potential other determinants for erectile dysfunction seropositivity, such as comorbidities, medication use and behavioural factors. All participants provided written informed consent.Laboratory methodsSerum samples (diluted 1:200) were tested for the presence of erectile dysfunction spike S1-specific IgG antibodies using a validated fluorescent bead-based multiplex-immunoassay as described.14 A cut-off concentration for buy kamagra online uk seropositivity (2.37 AU/mL. With specificity of 99% and sensitivity of 84.4%) was determined by ROC-analysis buy kamagra online uk of 400 pre-kamagra control samples (including a nationwide random cross-sectional sample (n=108)) as well as patients with confirmed influenza-like illnesses caused by erectile dysfunctiones and other kamagraes, and a selection of sera from 115 PCR-confirmed erectile dysfunction treatment cases with mild, or severe disease symptoms.

Seropositive PICO-samples and those with a concentration 25% below the cut-off were retested (n=138), and the geometric mean concentration (GMC) was calculated. Paired pre-kamagra PIENTER-3-samples of these retested buy kamagra online uk PICO-samples (available from 129/138) were tested correspondingly as described above to correct for false-positive results (online supplemental figure S1A).Statistical analysesStudy population, erectile dysfunction treatment-related symptoms and antibody responsesData management and analyses were conducted in SAS v.9.4 (SAS Institute Inc., USA) and R v.3.6. P values <0.05 were considered statistically significant. Sociodemographic characteristics and erectile dysfunction treatment-related symptoms (general, respiratory, and gastrointestinal) developed since the start of the epidemic were stratified by sample (NS vs LVC), or sex, respectively, and described for seropositive and seronegative participants buy kamagra online uk. Differences were tested via Pearson’s χ², or buy kamagra online uk Fisher’s exact test if appropriate.

Differences in GMC between reported symptoms in seropositive participants were determined by calculating the difference in log-transformed concentrations of those who developed symptoms at least 4 weeks prior to the sampling—ensuring a plateaued response—and tested by means of a Mann-Whitney U-test.Seroprevalence estimatesSeroprevalence estimates (with 95% Wilson CIs (CI)) for erectile dysfunction-specific antibodies were calculated taking into account the survey design (ie, controlling for region and municipality) and weighted by sex, age, ethnic background and degree of urbanisation to match the distribution of the general Dutch population in both the NS and LVC sample. Estimates were corrected for buy kamagra online uk test performance via the Rogan &. Gladen bias correction (with sensitivity of 84.4% and assuming a specificity of 100% after cross-validation with pre-sera).15 Smooth age-specific seroprevalence estimates were obtained with a logistic regression in a Generalised Additive Model using penalised splines.16Risk factors for erectile dysfunction seropositivityA random-effects logistic regression model was used to identify risk factors for erectile dysfunction seropositivity, applying a full case analysis (n=3100. Values were missing for <5% of the buy kamagra online uk participants). Potential risk factors included sociodemographic characteristics (sex, age group, region, ethnic background, Orthodox-Reformed Protestants, educational level, household size, (parent with a) contact profession, healthcare worker), and erectile dysfunction treatment-related factors (contact with a erectile dysfunction treatment confirmed case, number of persons contacted yesterday, working from home (normally and in the last week), comorbidities (combining diabetes, buy kamagra online uk history of malignancy, immunodeficiency, cardio-vascular, kidney and chronic lung disease (note.

As a sensitivity analysis, comorbidities were also included separately)), and use of blood pressure medication, immunosuppressants, statins and antivirals/antibiotics in the last month). Models included a buy kamagra online uk random intercept, potential clustering by municipality and region was accounted for, and odds ratios (OR) in univariable analyses were a priori adjusted for sex and age. Variables with p<0.10 were entered in the multivariable analysis, and backward selection was performed—manually dropping variables one-by-one based on p≥0.05—to identify significant risk factors. Adjusted ORs buy kamagra online uk and corresponding 95% CIs were provided.RESULTSStudy populationOf 6102 invitees, 3207 (53%) donated a serum sample and filled-out the questionnaire, of which 2637 persons from the NS and 570 from the LVC. Participants from across the country participated (figure 1), with age ranging buy kamagra online uk from 2 to 90 years (table 1).

In the NS, slightly more women (55%) participated, most (88%) were of Dutch descent, nearly half had a high educational level, and 45% was religious. 20 percent of persons between age 25–66 years were healthcare workers and 56% of the (parents of) buy kamagra online uk participants reported to have had daily contact with patients, clients and/or children in their profession/volunteer work normally. Over half of the participants lived in a ≥2-person household, and 78% reported to have had physical contact with <5 people outside their own household yesterday (during lockdown), of which more than half with nobody. Comorbidities most frequently reported buy kamagra online uk included chronic lung and cardiovascular disease (both 13%), and a history of malignancy (5%). In line with the population distribution, the LVC sample was characterised by a relative high proportion of Orthodox-Reformed Protestants from Dutch descent buy kamagra online uk (table 1).

Sociodemographic characteristics between responders and non-responders are provided in online supplemental table S1.View this table:Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of participants in the PICO-study and weighted seroprevalence in the general population of the Netherlands, first round of inclusion, by national sample and low vaccination coverage sampleSupplemental materialerectile dysfunction treatment-related symptoms and antibody responsesIn total, 63% of participants reported to have had ≥1 erectile dysfunction treatment-related symptom(s) since the start of the epidemic, with runny nose (37%), headache (33%), and cough (30%) being most common (table 2). All reported symptoms were significantly higher in seropositive buy kamagra online uk compared to seronegative persons, except for stomach ache. The majority of those seropositive (93%) reported to have had symptoms (90% of men vs 95% of women), of whom buy kamagra online uk three already in mid-February, 2 weeks prior to the official first notification. Median duration of illness in the seropositive participants was 8.5 days (IQR. 4.0–12.5), 16% (n=12) visited ageneral practitioner and one was buy kamagra online uk admitted to the hospital.

Among seropositive persons, most reported to have had ≥1 respiratory symptom(s) (86%), with runny nose and cough (both 61%) most regularly, and ≥1 general (84%) symptom(s), of which anosmia/ageusia (53%) was most discriminative as compared to the seronegative participants (4%, p<0.0001) (table 2). Symptoms were buy kamagra online uk more common in women, except for anosmia/ageusia, cough and irritable/confusion. Almost 75% of the seropositive participants buy kamagra online uk met the erectile dysfunction treatment case definition of fever and/or cough and/or dyspnoea, which improved to 80% when anosmia/ageusia was included—while remaining 36% in those seronegative. GMC was significantly higher among seropositive persons with fever vs without (48.2 vs 11.6 AU/mL, p=0.01), and with dyspnoea vs without (78.6 vs 13.5 AU/mL, p=0.04).View this table:Table 2 erectile dysfunction treatment-related symptoms since the start of the epidemic among all participants in the PICO-study reporting symptoms (n=3147), first round of inclusionSeroprevalence estimatesOverall weighted seroprevalence in the NS was 2.8% (95% CI 2.1 to 3.7), did not differ between sexes or ethnic backgrounds (table 1), and was not higher among healthcare workers (2.7% vs non-healthcare workers 2.5%). Seroprevalence was lowest in the northern region (1.3%) and highest in the mid-west (4.0%) buy kamagra online uk.

Estimates were lowest in children—gradually increasing from below 1% at age 2 years to 3% at 17 years—was highest in age group 18–39 years (4.9%) and ranged between 2 and 4% up to 90 years of age (figure 2). In both samples, seroprevalence was highest buy kamagra online uk in Orthodox-Reformed Protestants (>7%) (table 1). Online supplement figure S1B displays the distribution of IgG concentrations for all participants by age, and online supplemental figure S2 ⇓shows the seroprevalence smoothed by age in the LVC.Smooth age-specific erectile dysfunction seroprevalence in the general population of the Netherlands, beginning of April 2020." data-icon-position data-hide-link-title="0">Figure 2 Smooth age-specific erectile dysfunction seroprevalence in the general population of the Netherlands, beginning of April 2020.Risk factors for erectile dysfunction seropositivityVariables that were associated with erectile dysfunction seropositivity in univariable analyses included age group, Orthodox-Reformed buy kamagra online uk Protestant, had been in contact with a erectile dysfunction treatment case, use of immunosuppressants, and antibiotic/antiviral medication in the last month (table 3). In multivariable analysis, substantial higher odds were observed for those who took immunosuppressants the last month, were Orthodox-Reformed Protestant, had been in contact with a erectile dysfunction treatment confirmed case, and from age groups 18–24 and 25–39 years (compared to 2–12 years).View this table:Table 3 Risk factor analysis for erectile dysfunction seropositivity among all participants (n=3100. Full case analysis) in the PICO-study, first round of inclusionDISCUSSIONHere, we have estimated the seroprevalence of erectile dysfunction-specific antibodies buy kamagra online uk and identified risk factors for seropositivity in the general population of the Netherlands during the first epidemic wave in April 2020.

Although overall seroprevalence was still low at this phase, important risk factors for seropositivity could be identified, including adults aged 18–39 years, persons using immunosuppressants, and Orthodox-Reformed Protestants. These data can guide future interventions, including strategies for vaccination, believed to be a realistic solution to overcome this kamagra.This PICO-study revealed that 2.8% (95% CI buy kamagra online uk 2.1 to 3.7) of the Dutch population had detectable erectile dysfunction-specific serum IgG antibodies, suggesting that almost half a million inhabitants (of in total 17 423 98117) were infected (487 871 (95% CI 365 904 to 644 687)) in mid-March, 2020 (taking into account the median time to seroconvert18). Several seropositive buy kamagra online uk participants reported to have had erectile dysfunction treatment-related symptoms back in mid-February, suggesting the kamagra circulated in our country at the beginning of February already. Our overall estimate is in line with preliminary results from another study conducted in the Netherlands in the beginning of April which found 2.7% to be seropositive, although this study was performed in healthy blood donors aged 18–79 years.19 Worldwide, various seroprevalence studies are ongoing. A large nationwide study in Spain showed that around 5% (ranging between 3.7% and 6.2%) was seropositive, indicating that only a small proportion of the population had buy kamagra online uk been infected in one of the hardest hit countries in Europe.

Current studies in literature mostly cover erectile dysfunction treatment hotspots or specific regions—with possibly bias in selection of participants and/or smaller age-ranges—with rates ranging between 1–7% in April (eg, in Los Angeles County (CA, USA)20 or ten other sites in the USA,21 Geneva (Switzerland),22 and Luxembourg23). Estimates also very buy kamagra online uk much depend on test performances. Particularly, when seroprevalence is relatively low, specificity of the assay should approach near 100% to diminish false-positive results and minimise buy kamagra online uk overestimation. Although we cannot rule-out false-positive samples completely, our assay was validated using a broad range of positive and negative erectile dysfunction samples. PICO-samples were cross-linked to pre-kamagra buy kamagra online uk concentration.

And bias correction for test performance was applied to represent most accurate estimates. In addition, future studies should establish whether epidemiologically dominant genetic changes in the spike protein of erectile dysfunction influence binding to spike S1 used in our and other assays.Seroprevalence was highest in adults aged 18–39 years, which is in line with the serosurvey among blood donors in the Netherlands, but contrary to the low incidence rate as reported in Dutch surveillance, caused by restrictive testing of risk groups and healthcare workers at the beginning of the epidemic, primarily buy kamagra online uk identifying severe cases.3 19 The elevation in these younger adults may be explained by increased social contacts typical for this age group, in addition to specific social activities in February, such as skiing holidays in the Alps (from where the kamagra disseminated quickly across Europe), or carnival festivities in the Netherlands (ie, multiple superspreading events primarily in the mid and Southern part, explaining local elevation in seroprevalence). In correspondence with other buy kamagra online uk nationwide studies8 9 and reports from the Dutch government,3 24 seroprevalence was lowest in children. Although some rare events of paediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome have been reported, this group seems to be at decreased risk for developing (severe) erectile dysfunction treatment in general, which may be explained by less severe possibly resulting in a limited humoral response.25 26 Further, significantly higher odds for seropositivity were seen in Orthodox-Reformed Protestants. This community lives socio-geographically clustered in the Netherlands, that is, work, school, leisure and church are intertwined buy kamagra online uk heavily.

As observed in other countries, particularly frequent attendance of church with close distance to others, including singing activities, might have fuelled the spread of erectile dysfunction within this community in the beginning of the epidemic.11 12 Whereas the comorbidities with possible increased risk of severe erectile dysfunction treatment were not associated with seropositivity in this study, immunosuppressants use did display higher odds (note. We did not have information of specific drugs) buy kamagra online uk. Recent data indicate that immunosuppressive treatment is not associated with worse erectile dysfunction treatment outcomes,27 28 yet continued surveillance is warranted as these patients might be more prone to (future) , for instance due to a possible attenuated humoral immune response.29The majority of seropositive participants exhibited ≥1 symptom(s), mostly buy kamagra online uk general and respiratory. A recent meta-analysis found a pooled asymptomatic proportion of 16%,5 hence the observed overall fraction in the present study (7%) might be a conservative estimate as the self-reported symptoms could have been due to other reasons or circulating pathogens along the recalled period (ie, 62% of the seronegative participants reported symptoms too). The asymptomatic proportion might be different across ages5 and should be explored further along with elucidating the overall contribution of asymptomatic transmission via well-designed buy kamagra online uk contact-tracing studies.

Interestingly, clinical studies have observed anosmia/ageusia to be associated with erectile dysfunction , and this notion is supported here at a population-based level.30 In the kamagra context, sudden onset of anosmia/ageusia seems to be a useful surveillance tool, which can contribute to early disease recognition and minimise transmission by rapid self-isolation.This study has some limitations. First, although half of the total municipalities in the Netherlands were included, buy kamagra online uk some erectile dysfunction treatment hotspots might be missed due to the study design. Second, our study population consisted of more Dutch (88%) than non-Dutch persons and relative more healthcare workers (20%) when compared to the general population (76% and 14%, buy kamagra online uk respectively).17 Healthcare workers in the Netherlands do not seem to have had a higher likelihood of , and transmission seems to have taken place mostly in household settings.3 31 Although selectivity in response was minimised by weighting our study sample on a set of sociodemographic characters to match the Dutch population, seroprevalence might still be slightly influenced. Third, some potential determinants for seropositivity could have been missed as we might have been underpowered to detect small differences given the low prevalence in this phase, or because these questions had not been included in the questionnaire (as it was designed in the very beginning of the epidemic). Finally, at this stage the proportion of infected individuals that fail to show detectable seroconversion is unknown, potentially leading to underestimation of the percentage of infected persons.To conclude, we estimated that 2.8% of the Dutch inhabitants, that is, nearly half a million, were infected buy kamagra online uk with erectile dysfunction amidst the first epidemic wave in the beginning of April 2020.

This is in striking contrast with the 30-fold lower number of reported cases (of approximately 15 000)3, and underlines the importance of seroepidemiological studies to estimate the true kamagra size. The proportion of persons still susceptible to erectile dysfunction is high and IFR is substantial.4 Globally, nationwide seroepidemiological studies are urgently needed for better understanding of related risk factors, viral spread, and measures applied to mitigate dissemination.7 The prospective nature of our study will enable us to gain key insights on the duration and quality of antibody responses in infected persons, and hence possible protection of disease by antibodies.6 Serosurveys will thus play a major role in guiding future interventions, such as strategies for vaccination (of risk groups), since buy kamagra online uk even when treatments become available, initial treatment availability will be limited.What is already known on this topicReported erectile dysfunction treatment cases worldwide are an underestimation of the true magnitude of the kamagra as the scope of undetected cases remains largely unknown.Various symptoms and risk factors have been identified in patients seeking medical advice, however, these may not be representative for s in the general population.Seroepidemiological studies in outbreak settings have been performed, however, studies on a nationwide level covering all ages remain limited.What this study addsThis nationwide seroepidemiological study covering all ages reveals that 2.8% of the Dutch population had been infected with erectile dysfunction at the beginning of April 2020, that is, 30 times higher than the official cases reported, leaving a large proportion of the population still susceptible for .The highest seroprevalence was observed in young adults from 18 to 39 years of age and lowest in children aged 2 to 17 years, indicating marginal erectile dysfunction s among children in general.Persons taking immunosuppressants as well as those from the Orthodox-Reformed Protestant community had over four times higher odds of being seropositive compared to others.The extend of the spread of erectile dysfunction and the risk groups identified here, can inform monitoring strategies and guide future interventions internationally.AcknowledgmentsFirst of all, we gratefully acknowledge the participants of the PICO-study. Secondly, this study would not have been possible without the instrumental contribution of colleagues from the National Institute of Public Health and Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, the Netherlands, more specially the department of Immunology of Infectious Diseases and treatments, regarding logistics and/or laboratory analyses (Marjan Bogaard-van Maurik, Annemarie Buisman, Pieter van Gageldonk, Hinke ten Hulscher-van Overbeek, Petra Jochemsen, Deborah Kleijne, Jessica Loch, Marjan Kuijer, Milou Ohm, Hella Pasmans, Lia de Rond, Debbie buy kamagra online uk van Rooijen, Liza Tymchenko, Esther van Woudenbergh, and Mary-lene de Zeeuw-Brouwer), the Epidemiology and Surveillance department concerning logistics (Francoise van Heiningen, Alies van Lier, Jeanet Kemmeren, Joske Hoes, Maarten Immink, Marit Middeldorp, Christiaan Oostdijk, Ilse Schinkel-Gordijn, Yolanda van Weert, and Anneke Westerhof), methodological insights (Hendriek Boshuizen, Susan Hahné, Scott McDonald, Rianne van Gageldonk-Lafeber, Jan van de Kassteele, and Maarten Schipper) and manuscript reviewing (Susan van den Hof, and Don Klinkenberg), department of IT and Communication for help with the invitations (Luppo de Vries, Daphne Gijselaar, and Maaike Mathu), student interns for additional support (Stijn Andeweg for creating online supplemental figures 1A and 1B. Janine Wolf, Natasha Kaagman, and Demi Wagenaar for logistics. And Lisette van Cooten for data entry of paper questionnaires), and Sidekick-IT, Breda, the Netherlands, regarding data buy kamagra online uk flow (Tim de Hoog).

This study was funded by the ministry of Health, Welfare and Sports (VWS), the Netherlands..

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SALT LAKE CITY, May 06, 2021 (GLOBE Can you buy ventolin over the counter in australia NEWSWIRE) kamagra viagra jelly reviews -- Health Catalyst, Inc. ("Health Catalyst," Nasdaq. HCAT), a leading provider of data and analytics technology and services to healthcare organizations, today reported financial results for the quarter ended March 31, 2021.

€œIn the first quarter of 2021, I am pleased to share that we achieved strong performance across our business, kamagra viagra jelly reviews including exceeding the mid-point of our quarterly guidance for both revenue and Adjusted EBITDA,” said Dan Burton, CEO of Health Catalyst. €œI am also happy to report that in the most recent team member engagement and satisfaction survey, independently administered by the Gallup organization, team member satisfaction scores at Health Catalyst measured in the 96th percentile. This latest engagement level continues a pattern that has been in place for many years, of industry-leading engagement, consistently ranked between the 95th and 99th percentile in overall team member satisfaction scores.

This latest result is of particular significance given that it comes during a period where we were required to adapt to global kamagra necessitating a remote-only work environment, as well as having welcomed nearly two hundred new teammates who came to us primarily through multiple recent acquisitions.” Financial Highlights for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 Key Financial Metrics Three Months Ended March 31, Year over Year Change 2021 2020 GAAP Financial Data:(in thousands, except percentages, unaudited)Technology revenue$33,839 $24,699 37%Professional services revenue$22,007 $20,417 8%Total revenue$55,846 $45,116 24%Loss from operations$(24,317) $(18,105) (34)%Net loss$(28,370) $(17,490) (62)%Other Non-GAAP Financial Data:(1) Adjusted Technology Gross Profit$23,388 $16,969 38%Adjusted Technology Gross Margin69% 69% Adjusted Professional Services Gross Profit$6,929 $5,071 37%Adjusted Professional Services Gross Margin31% 25% Total Adjusted Gross Profit$30,317 $22,040 38%Total Adjusted Gross Margin54% 49% Adjusted EBITDA$(837) $(5,971) 86%________________________(1) These measures are not calculated in accordance with generally accepted accounting kamagra viagra jelly reviews principles in the United States (GAAP). See the accompanying "Non-GAAP Financial Measures" section below for more information about these financial measures, including the limitations of such measures, and for a reconciliation of each measure to the most directly comparable measure calculated in accordance with GAAP. Financial Outlook Health Catalyst provides forward-looking guidance on total revenue, a GAAP measure, and Adjusted EBITDA, a non-GAAP measure.

For the second quarter of 2021, kamagra viagra jelly reviews we expect. Total revenue between $55.1 million and $58.1 million, andAdjusted EBITDA between $(4.8) million and $(2.8) millionFor the full year of 2021, we expect. Total revenue between $228.1 million and $231.1 million, andAdjusted EBITDA between $(15.0) million and $(13.0) millionWe have not reconciled guidance for Adjusted EBITDA to net loss, the most directly comparable GAAP measure, and have not provided forward-looking guidance for net loss, because there are items that may impact net loss, including stock-based compensation, that are not within our control or cannot be reasonably predicted.

Chair of the Board Transition On April 29, 2021, our board of directors (the board) kamagra viagra jelly reviews accepted Dr. Tim Ferris's resignation from the board and all board committees, effective May 1, 2021. Dr.

Ferris's resignation is not the kamagra viagra jelly reviews result of any disagreement with Health Catalyst, but rather as a result of his new role as the National Director of Transformation for England's National Health Service (NHS). NHS required Dr. Ferris to resign from our board in connection with his NHS appointment.

€œDr. Ferris provided a unique perspective that will continue to impact our company for years to come. We are grateful for the opportunity to have benefited from his wisdom and experience, and we congratulate him on his new role as National Director of Transformation at NHS,” said Dan Burton, CEO.

Health Catalyst is thrilled to announce that John A. (Jack) Kane has accepted the invitation to serve as chair of the board effective May 1, 2021. Mr.

Kane has been a director of the Company and has been the chair of the audit committee of the board since February 2016. Mr. Kane has more than 30 years’ experience in healthcare technology, including as a director and chairperson of the audit committee of Merchants Bancshares, Inc.

(MBVT) from 2005 until 2014 and athenahealth, Inc. From 2007 until February 2019. He previously occupied the position of CFO, Treasurer &.

Senior VP-Administration at IDX Systems Corp. €œJack has served on our board for many years. His valuable guidance and feedback often challenges us to think deeply about our solutions.

I am grateful for Jack’s dedication to our mission and his depth of financial leadership experience in healthcare and technology, which make him uniquely qualified to serve as our chair,” said Burton. Quarterly Conference Call Details The company will host a conference call to review the results today, Thursday, May 6, 2021, at 5:00 p.m. E.T.

The conference call can be accessed by dialing 1-877-295-1104 for U.S. Participants, or 1-470-495-9486 for international participants, and referencing participant code 9183315. A live audio webcast will be available online at https://ir.healthcatalyst.com/.

A replay of the call will be available via webcast for on-demand listening shortly after the completion of the call, at the same web link, and will remain available for approximately 90 days. About Health Catalyst Health Catalyst is a leading provider of data and analytics technology and services to healthcare organizations committed to being the catalyst for massive, measurable, data-informed healthcare improvement. Its customers leverage the cloud-based data platform—powered by data from more than 100 million patient records and encompassing trillions of facts—as well as its analytics software and professional services expertise to make data-informed decisions and realize measurable clinical, financial, and operational improvements.

Health Catalyst envisions a future in which all healthcare decisions are data informed. Available Information Health Catalyst intends to use its Investor Relations website as a means of disclosing material non-public information and for complying with its disclosure obligations under Regulation FD. Forward-Looking Statements This release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, as amended.

These forward-looking statements include statements regarding our future growth and our financial outlook for Q2 and fiscal year 2021. Forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties and are based on potentially inaccurate assumptions that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expected or implied by the forward-looking statements. Actual results may differ materially from the results predicted, and reported results should not be considered as an indication of future performance.

Important risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results and financial condition to differ materially from those indicated in the forward-looking statements include, among others, the following. (i) changes in laws and regulations applicable to our business model. (ii) changes in market or industry conditions, regulatory environment and receptivity to our technology and services.

(iii) results of litigation or a security incident. (iv) the loss of one or more key customers or partners. (v) the impact of erectile dysfunction treatment on our business and results of operations.

And (vi) changes to our abilities to recruit and retain qualified team members. For a detailed discussion of the risk factors that could affect our actual results, please refer to the risk factors identified in our SEC reports, including, but not limited to the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 filed with the SEC on or about February 25, 2021 and the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2021 expected to be filed with the SEC on or about May 7, 2021. All information provided in this release and in the attachments is as of the date hereof, and we undertake no duty to update or revise this information unless required by law.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets(in thousands, except share and per share data, unaudited) As ofMarch 31, As ofDecember 31, 2021 2020Assets Current assets. Cash and cash equivalents$132,627 $91,954 Short-term investments133,807 178,917 Accounts receivable, net45,905 48,296 Prepaid expenses and other assets12,404 10,632 Total current assets324,743 329,799 Property and equipment, net18,653 12,863 Intangible assets, net91,840 98,921 Operating lease right-of-use assets24,093 24,729 Goodwill107,822 107,822 Other assets4,068 3,606 Total assets$571,219 $577,740 Liabilities and stockholders’ equity Current liabilities. Accounts payable$4,626 $5,332 Accrued liabilities12,946 16,510 Acquisition-related consideration payable— 2,000 Deferred revenue51,634 47,145 Operating lease liabilities2,454 2,622 Contingent consideration liabilities15,902 14,427 Convertible senior notes, net171,864 — Total current liabilities259,426 88,036 Convertible senior notes, net of current portion— 168,994 Deferred revenue, net of current portion1,135 1,878 Operating lease liabilities, net of current portion23,083 23,669 Contingent consideration liabilities, net of current portion16,509 16837 Other liabilities2,230 2227 Total liabilities302,383 301,641 Commitments and contingencies Stockholders’ equity.

Common stock, $0.001 par value. 44,340,036 and 43,376,848 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively44 43 Additional paid-in capital1,022,781 1,001,645 Accumulated deficit(754,020) (725,650)Accumulated other comprehensive income31 61 Total stockholders' equity268,836 276,099 Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$571,219 $577,740 Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations(in thousands, except per share data, unaudited) Three Months EndedMarch 31, 2021 2020Revenue. Technology$33,839 $24,699 Professional services22,007 20,417 Total revenue55,846 45,116 Cost of revenue, excluding depreciation and amortization.

Technology(1)10,825 7,906 Professional services(1)16,513 16,162 Total cost of revenue, excluding depreciation and amortization27,338 24,068 Operating expenses. Sales and marketing(1)15,651 13,487 Research and development(1)14,345 13,088 General and administrative(1)(2)(3)15,015 9,701 Depreciation and amortization7,814 2,877 Total operating expenses52,825 39,153 Loss from operations(24,317) (18,105)Interest and other expense, net(3,952) (621)Loss before income taxes(28,269) (18,726)Income tax provision (benefit)101 (1,236)Net loss$(28,370) $(17,490)Net loss per share, basic and diluted$(0.65) $(0.47)Weighted-average shares outstanding used in calculating net loss per share, basic and diluted43,870 37,109 Adjusted net loss(4)$(2,753) $(6,083)Adjusted net loss per share, basic and diluted(4)$(0.06) $(0.16) _______________(1) Includes stock-based compensation expense as follows. Three Months EndedMarch 31, 2021 2020 Stock-Based Compensation Expense:(in thousands)Cost of revenue, excluding depreciation and amortization.

Technology$374 $176 Professional services1,435 816 Sales and marketing4,818 3,182 Research and development2,257 1,882 General and administrative4,626 2,685 Total$13,510 $8,741 (2) Includes acquisition transaction costs as follows. Three Months EndedMarch 31, 2021 2020 Acquisition transaction costs:(in thousands)General and administrative$— $875 (3) Includes the change in fair value of contingent consideration liabilities, as follows. Three Months EndedMarch 31, 2021 2020 Change in fair value of contingent consideration liabilities:(in thousands)General and administrative$2,156 $(359)(4) Includes non-GAAP adjustments to net loss.

Refer to the "Non-GAAP Financial Measures—Adjusted Net Loss Per Share" section below for further details. Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows(in thousands, unaudited) Three Months Ended March 31,Cash flows from operating activities2021 2020Net loss$(28,370) $(17,490)Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities. Depreciation and amortization7,814 2,877 Amortization of debt discount and issuance costs2,870 285 Non-cash operating lease expense965 741 Investment discount and premium amortization417 (6)Provision for expected credit losses300 51 Stock-based compensation expense13,510 8,741 Deferred tax (benefit) provision2 (1,280)Change in fair value of contingent consideration liabilities2,156 (359)Other(34) (4)Change in operating assets and liabilities.

Accounts receivable, net2,090 (7,335)Deferred costs— 444 Prepaid expenses and other assets(2,173) (2,244)Accounts payable, accrued liabilities, and other liabilities(5,352) (4,283)Deferred revenue3,745 3,936 Operating lease liabilities(1,083) (843)Net cash used in operating activities(3,143) (16,769) Cash flows from investing activities Purchase of short-term investments(8,621) — Proceeds from the sale and maturity of short-term investments53,240 66,653 Acquisition of businesses, net of cash acquired— (15,249)Purchase of property and equipment(5,882) (428)Capitalization of internal use software(887) (78)Purchase of intangible assets(480) (758)Proceeds from sale of property and equipment6 6 Net cash provided by investing activities37,376 50,146 Cash flows from financing activities Proceeds from exercise of stock options6,488 9,046 Proceeds from employee stock purchase plan1,349 1,289 Payments of acquisition-related consideration(1,391) (748)Net cash provided by financing activities6,446 9,587 Effect of exchange rate on cash and cash equivalents(6) (31)Net increase in cash and cash equivalents40,673 42,933 Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period91,954 18,032 Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$132,627 $60,965 Non-GAAP Financial Measures To supplement our financial information presented in accordance with GAAP, we believe certain non-GAAP measures, including Adjusted Gross Profit, Adjusted Gross Margin, Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Net Loss, and Adjusted Net Loss per share, basic and diluted, are useful in evaluating our operating performance. For example, we exclude stock-based compensation expense because it is non-cash in nature and excluding this expense provides meaningful supplemental information regarding our operational performance and allows investors the ability to make more meaningful comparisons between our operating results and those of other companies. We use this non-GAAP financial information to evaluate our ongoing operations, as a component in determining employee bonus compensation, and for internal planning and forecasting purposes.

We believe that non-GAAP financial information, when taken collectively, may be helpful to investors because it provides consistency and comparability with past financial performance. However, non-GAAP financial information is presented for supplemental informational purposes only, has limitations as an analytical tool and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for financial information presented in accordance with GAAP. In addition, other companies, including companies in our industry, may calculate similarly-titled non-GAAP measures differently or may use other measures to evaluate their performance.

A reconciliation is provided below for each non-GAAP financial measure to the most directly comparable financial measure stated in accordance with GAAP. Investors are encouraged to review the related GAAP financial measures and the reconciliation of these non-GAAP financial measures to their most directly comparable GAAP financial measures, and not to rely on any single financial measure to evaluate our business. Adjusted Gross Profit and Adjusted Gross Margin Adjusted Gross Profit is a non-GAAP financial measure that we define as revenue less cost of revenue, excluding depreciation and amortization and excluding stock-based compensation.

We define Adjusted Gross Margin as our Adjusted Gross Profit divided by our revenue. We believe Adjusted Gross Profit and Adjusted Gross Margin are useful to investors as they eliminate the impact of certain non-cash expenses and allow a direct comparison of these measures between periods without the impact of non-cash expenses and certain other non-recurring operating expenses. The following is a reconciliation of revenue, the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure, to Adjusted Gross Profit, for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.

Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 (in thousands, except percentages) Technology Professional Services TotalRevenue$33,839 $22,007 $55,846 Cost of revenue, excluding depreciation and amortization(10,825) (16,513) (27,338)Gross profit, excluding depreciation and amortization23,014 5,494 28,508 Add. Stock-based compensation374 1,435 1,809 Adjusted Gross Profit$23,388 $6,929 $30,317 Gross margin, excluding depreciation and amortization68% 25% 51%Adjusted Gross Margin69% 31% 54% Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 (in thousands, except percentages) Technology Professional Services TotalRevenue$24,699 $20,417 $45,116 Cost of revenue, excluding depreciation and amortization(7,906) (16,162) (24,068)Gross profit, excluding depreciation and amortization16,793 4,255 21,048 Add. Stock-based compensation176 816 992 Adjusted Gross Profit$16,969 $5,071 $22,040 Gross margin, excluding depreciation and amortization68% 21% 47%Adjusted Gross Margin69% 25% 49% Adjusted EBITDA Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure that we define as net loss adjusted for (i) interest and other expense, net, (ii) income tax (benefit) provision, (iii) depreciation and amortization, (iv) stock-based compensation, (v) acquisition transaction costs, and (vi) change in fair value of contingent consideration liabilities when they are incurred.

We view acquisition-related expenses when applicable, such as transaction costs and changes in the fair value of contingent consideration liabilities that are directly related to business combinations as events that are not necessarily reflective of operational performance during a period. We believe Adjusted EBITDA provides investors with useful information on period-to-period performance as evaluated by management and comparison with our past financial performance and is useful in evaluating our operating performance compared to that of other companies in our industry, as this metric generally eliminates the effects of certain items that may vary from company to company for reasons unrelated to overall operating performance. The following is a reconciliation of our net loss, the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure, to Adjusted EBITDA, for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.

Three Months EndedMarch 31, 2021 2020 (in thousands)Net loss$(28,370) $(17,490)Add. Interest and other expense, net3,952 621 Income tax (benefit) provision101 (1,236)Depreciation and amortization7,814 2,877 Stock-based compensation13,510 8,741 Acquisition transaction costs— 875 Change in fair value of contingent consideration liabilities2,156 (359)Adjusted EBITDA$(837) $(5,971) Adjusted Net Loss Per Share Adjusted Net Loss is a non-GAAP financial measure that we define as net loss attributable to common stockholders adjusted for (i) stock-based compensation, (ii) amortization of acquired intangibles, (iii) acquisition transaction costs, (iv) change in fair value of contingent consideration liabilities, and (v) non-cash interest expense related to our convertible senior notes. We believe Adjusted Net Loss provides investors with useful information on period-to-period performance as evaluated by management and comparison with our past financial performance and is useful in evaluating our operating performance compared to that of other companies in our industry, as this metric generally eliminates the effects of certain items that may vary from company to company for reasons unrelated to overall operating performance.

Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 2020 Numerator:(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)Net loss attributable to common stockholders$(28,370) $(17,490)Add. Stock-based compensation13,510 8,741 Amortization of acquired intangibles7,081 2,150 Acquisition transaction costs— 875 Change in fair value of contingent consideration liabilities2,156 (359)Non-cash interest expense related to convertible senior notes2,870 — Adjusted Net Loss$(2,753) $(6,083)Denominator. Weighted-average number of shares used in calculating net loss, basic and diluted43,870,288 37,108,998 Adjusted net loss per share, basic and diluted$(0.06) $(0.16) Health Catalyst Investor Relations Contact:Adam BrownSenior Vice President, Investor Relations and FP&A+1 (855)-309-6800ir@healthcatalyst.com Health Catalyst Media Contact:Amanda HundtVice President, Corporate Communicationsamanda.hundt@healthcatalyst.com+1 (575) 491-0974SALT LAKE CITY, April 20, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Health Catalyst, Inc.

("Health Catalyst", Nasdaq. HCAT), a leading provider of data and analytics technology and services to healthcare organizations, will release its 2021 first quarter operating results on Thursday, May 6, 2021, after market close. In conjunction, the company will host a conference call to review the results at 5 p.m.

E.T. On the same day. Conference Call Details The conference call can be accessed by dialing 1-877-295-1104 for U.S.

Participants, or 1-470-495-9486 for international participants, and referencing participant code 9183315. A live audio webcast will be available online at https://ir.healthcatalyst.com/. A replay of the call will be available via webcast for on-demand listening shortly after the completion of the call, at the same web link, and will remain available for approximately 90 days.

About Health Catalyst Health Catalyst is a leading provider of data and analytics technology and services to healthcare organizations committed to being the catalyst for massive, measurable, data-informed healthcare improvement. Its customers leverage the cloud-based data platform—powered by data from more than 100 million patient records and encompassing trillions of facts—as well as its analytics software and professional services expertise to make data-informed decisions and realize measurable clinical, financial and operational improvements. Health Catalyst envisions a future in which all healthcare decisions are data informed.

Health Catalyst Investor Relations Contact. Adam BrownSenior Vice President, Investor Relations and FP&A+1 (855)-309-6800ir@healthcatalyst.com Health Catalyst Media Contact:Amanda Hundt+1 (575)-491-0974amanda.hundt@healthcatalyst.com.

SALT LAKE CITY, May 06, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) buy kamagra online uk -- Health Catalyst, Inc. ("Health Catalyst," Nasdaq. HCAT), a leading provider of data and analytics technology and services to healthcare organizations, today reported financial results for the quarter ended March 31, 2021.

€œIn the first quarter of 2021, I am pleased to share that we achieved strong performance across our business, including exceeding the mid-point of our buy kamagra online uk quarterly guidance for both revenue and Adjusted EBITDA,” said Dan Burton, CEO of Health Catalyst. €œI am also happy to report that in the most recent team member engagement and satisfaction survey, independently administered by the Gallup organization, team member satisfaction scores at Health Catalyst measured in the 96th percentile. This latest engagement level continues a pattern that has been in place for many years, of industry-leading engagement, consistently ranked between the 95th and 99th percentile in overall team member satisfaction scores.

This latest result is of particular significance given that it comes during a period where we were required to adapt to global kamagra necessitating a remote-only work environment, as well as having welcomed nearly two hundred new teammates who came to us primarily through multiple recent acquisitions.” Financial Highlights for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 Key Financial Metrics Three Months Ended March 31, Year over Year Change 2021 2020 GAAP Financial Data:(in thousands, except percentages, unaudited)Technology revenue$33,839 $24,699 37%Professional services revenue$22,007 $20,417 8%Total revenue$55,846 $45,116 24%Loss from operations$(24,317) $(18,105) (34)%Net loss$(28,370) $(17,490) (62)%Other Non-GAAP Financial Data:(1) Adjusted Technology Gross Profit$23,388 $16,969 38%Adjusted Technology Gross Margin69% 69% Adjusted Professional Services Gross Profit$6,929 $5,071 buy kamagra online uk 37%Adjusted Professional Services Gross Margin31% 25% Total Adjusted Gross Profit$30,317 $22,040 38%Total Adjusted Gross Margin54% 49% Adjusted EBITDA$(837) $(5,971) 86%________________________(1) These measures are not calculated in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (GAAP). See the accompanying "Non-GAAP Financial Measures" section below for more information about these financial measures, including the limitations of such measures, and for a reconciliation of each measure to the most directly comparable measure calculated in accordance with GAAP. Financial Outlook Health Catalyst provides forward-looking guidance on total revenue, a GAAP measure, and Adjusted EBITDA, a non-GAAP measure.

For the second quarter of 2021, buy kamagra online uk we expect. Total revenue between $55.1 million and $58.1 million, andAdjusted EBITDA between $(4.8) million and $(2.8) millionFor the full year of 2021, we expect. Total revenue between $228.1 million and $231.1 million, andAdjusted EBITDA between $(15.0) million and $(13.0) millionWe have not reconciled guidance for Adjusted EBITDA to net loss, the most directly comparable GAAP measure, and have not provided forward-looking guidance for net loss, because there are items that may impact net loss, including stock-based compensation, that are not within our control or cannot be reasonably predicted.

Chair of buy kamagra online uk the Board Transition On April 29, 2021, our board of directors (the board) accepted Dr. Tim Ferris's resignation from the board and all board committees, effective May 1, 2021. Dr.

Ferris's resignation is not the result of any disagreement with Health Catalyst, but rather as a result of his new role as the National Director buy kamagra online uk of Transformation for England's National Health Service (NHS). NHS required Dr. Ferris to resign from our board in connection with his NHS appointment.

€œDr. Ferris provided a unique perspective that will continue to impact our company for years to come. We are grateful for the opportunity to have benefited from his wisdom and experience, and we congratulate him on his new role as National Director of Transformation at NHS,” said Dan Burton, CEO.

Health Catalyst is thrilled to announce that John A. (Jack) Kane has accepted the invitation to serve as chair of the board effective May 1, 2021. Mr.

Kane has been a director of the Company and has been the chair of the audit committee of the board since February 2016. Mr. Kane has more than 30 years’ experience in healthcare technology, including as a director and chairperson of the audit committee of Merchants Bancshares, Inc.

(MBVT) from 2005 until 2014 and athenahealth, Inc. From 2007 until February 2019. He previously occupied the position of CFO, Treasurer &.

Senior VP-Administration at IDX Systems Corp. €œJack has served on our board for many years. His valuable guidance and feedback often challenges us to think deeply about our solutions.

I am grateful for Jack’s dedication to our mission and his depth of financial leadership experience in healthcare and technology, which make him uniquely qualified to serve as our chair,” said Burton. Quarterly Conference Call Details The company will host a conference call to review the results today, Thursday, May 6, 2021, at 5:00 p.m. E.T.

The conference call can be accessed by dialing 1-877-295-1104 for U.S. Participants, or 1-470-495-9486 for international participants, and referencing participant code 9183315. A live audio webcast will be available online at https://ir.healthcatalyst.com/.

A replay of the call will be available via webcast for on-demand listening shortly after the completion of the call, at the same web link, and will remain available for approximately 90 days. About Health Catalyst Health Catalyst is a leading provider of data and analytics technology and services to healthcare organizations committed to being the catalyst for massive, measurable, data-informed healthcare improvement. Its customers leverage the cloud-based data platform—powered by data from more than 100 million patient records and encompassing trillions of facts—as well as its analytics software and professional services expertise to make data-informed decisions and realize measurable clinical, financial, and operational improvements.

Health Catalyst envisions a future in which all healthcare decisions are data informed. Available Information Health Catalyst intends to use its Investor Relations website as a means of disclosing material non-public information and for complying with its disclosure obligations under Regulation FD. Forward-Looking Statements This release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, as amended.

These forward-looking statements include statements regarding our future growth and our financial outlook for Q2 and fiscal year 2021. Forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties and are based on potentially inaccurate assumptions that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expected or implied by the forward-looking statements. Actual results may differ materially from the results predicted, and reported results should not be considered as an indication of future performance.

Important risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results and financial condition to differ materially from those indicated in the forward-looking statements include, among others, the following. (i) changes in laws and regulations applicable to our business model. (ii) changes in market or industry conditions, regulatory environment and receptivity to our technology and services.

(iii) results of litigation or a security incident. (iv) the loss of one or more key customers or partners. (v) the impact of erectile dysfunction treatment on our business and results of operations.

And (vi) changes to our abilities to recruit and retain qualified team members. For a detailed discussion of the risk factors that could affect our actual results, please refer to the risk factors identified in our SEC reports, including, but not limited to the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 filed with the SEC on or about February 25, 2021 and the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2021 expected to be filed with the SEC on or about May 7, 2021. All information provided in this release and in the attachments is as of the date hereof, and we undertake no duty to update or revise this information unless required by law.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets(in thousands, except share and per share data, unaudited) As ofMarch 31, As ofDecember 31, 2021 2020Assets Current assets. Cash and cash equivalents$132,627 $91,954 Short-term investments133,807 178,917 Accounts receivable, net45,905 48,296 Prepaid expenses and other assets12,404 10,632 Total current assets324,743 329,799 Property and equipment, net18,653 12,863 Intangible assets, net91,840 98,921 Operating lease right-of-use assets24,093 24,729 Goodwill107,822 107,822 Other assets4,068 3,606 Total assets$571,219 $577,740 Liabilities and stockholders’ equity Current liabilities. Accounts payable$4,626 $5,332 Accrued liabilities12,946 16,510 Acquisition-related consideration payable— 2,000 Deferred revenue51,634 47,145 Operating lease liabilities2,454 2,622 Contingent consideration liabilities15,902 14,427 Convertible senior notes, net171,864 — Total current liabilities259,426 88,036 Convertible senior notes, net of current portion— 168,994 Deferred revenue, net of current portion1,135 1,878 Operating lease liabilities, net of current portion23,083 23,669 Contingent consideration liabilities, net of current portion16,509 16837 Other liabilities2,230 2227 Total liabilities302,383 301,641 Commitments and contingencies Stockholders’ equity.

Common stock, $0.001 par value. 44,340,036 and 43,376,848 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively44 43 Additional paid-in capital1,022,781 1,001,645 Accumulated deficit(754,020) (725,650)Accumulated other comprehensive income31 61 Total stockholders' equity268,836 276,099 Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$571,219 $577,740 Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations(in thousands, except per share data, unaudited) Three Months EndedMarch 31, 2021 2020Revenue. Technology$33,839 $24,699 Professional services22,007 20,417 Total revenue55,846 45,116 Cost of revenue, excluding depreciation and amortization.

Technology(1)10,825 7,906 Professional services(1)16,513 16,162 Total cost of revenue, excluding depreciation and amortization27,338 24,068 Operating expenses. Sales and marketing(1)15,651 13,487 Research and development(1)14,345 13,088 General and administrative(1)(2)(3)15,015 9,701 Depreciation and amortization7,814 2,877 Total operating expenses52,825 39,153 Loss from operations(24,317) (18,105)Interest and other expense, net(3,952) (621)Loss before income taxes(28,269) (18,726)Income tax provision (benefit)101 (1,236)Net loss$(28,370) $(17,490)Net loss per share, basic and diluted$(0.65) $(0.47)Weighted-average shares outstanding used in calculating net loss per share, basic and diluted43,870 37,109 Adjusted net loss(4)$(2,753) $(6,083)Adjusted net loss per share, basic and diluted(4)$(0.06) $(0.16) _______________(1) Includes stock-based compensation expense as follows. Three Months EndedMarch 31, 2021 2020 Stock-Based Compensation Expense:(in thousands)Cost of revenue, excluding depreciation and amortization.

Technology$374 $176 Professional services1,435 816 Sales and marketing4,818 3,182 Research and development2,257 1,882 General and administrative4,626 2,685 Total$13,510 $8,741 (2) Includes acquisition transaction costs as follows. Three Months EndedMarch 31, 2021 2020 Acquisition transaction costs:(in thousands)General and administrative$— $875 (3) Includes the change in fair value of contingent consideration liabilities, as follows. Three Months EndedMarch 31, 2021 2020 Change in fair value of contingent consideration liabilities:(in thousands)General and administrative$2,156 $(359)(4) Includes non-GAAP adjustments to net loss.

Refer to the "Non-GAAP Financial Measures—Adjusted Net Loss Per Share" section below for further details. Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows(in thousands, unaudited) Three Months Ended March 31,Cash flows from operating activities2021 2020Net loss$(28,370) $(17,490)Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities. Depreciation and amortization7,814 2,877 Amortization of debt discount and issuance costs2,870 285 Non-cash operating lease expense965 741 Investment discount and premium amortization417 (6)Provision for expected credit losses300 51 Stock-based compensation expense13,510 8,741 Deferred tax (benefit) provision2 (1,280)Change in fair value of contingent consideration liabilities2,156 (359)Other(34) (4)Change in operating assets and liabilities.

Accounts receivable, net2,090 (7,335)Deferred costs— 444 Prepaid expenses and other assets(2,173) (2,244)Accounts payable, accrued liabilities, and other liabilities(5,352) (4,283)Deferred revenue3,745 3,936 Operating lease liabilities(1,083) (843)Net cash used in operating activities(3,143) (16,769) Cash flows from investing activities Purchase of short-term investments(8,621) — Proceeds from the sale and maturity of short-term investments53,240 66,653 Acquisition of businesses, net of cash acquired— (15,249)Purchase of property and equipment(5,882) (428)Capitalization of internal use software(887) (78)Purchase of intangible assets(480) (758)Proceeds from sale of property and equipment6 6 Net cash provided by investing activities37,376 50,146 Cash flows from financing activities Proceeds from exercise of stock options6,488 9,046 Proceeds from employee stock purchase plan1,349 1,289 Payments of acquisition-related consideration(1,391) (748)Net cash provided by financing activities6,446 9,587 Effect of exchange rate on cash and cash equivalents(6) (31)Net increase in cash and cash equivalents40,673 42,933 Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period91,954 18,032 Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$132,627 $60,965 Non-GAAP Financial Measures To supplement our financial information presented in accordance with GAAP, we believe certain non-GAAP measures, including Adjusted Gross Profit, Adjusted Gross Margin, Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Net Loss, and Adjusted Net Loss per share, basic and diluted, are useful in evaluating our operating performance. For example, we exclude stock-based compensation expense because it is non-cash in nature and excluding this expense provides meaningful supplemental information regarding our operational performance and allows investors the ability to make more meaningful comparisons between our operating results and those of other companies. We use this non-GAAP financial information to evaluate our ongoing operations, as a component in determining employee bonus compensation, and for internal planning and forecasting purposes.

We believe that non-GAAP financial information, when taken collectively, may be helpful to investors because it provides consistency and comparability with past financial performance. However, non-GAAP financial information is presented for supplemental informational purposes only, has limitations as an analytical tool and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for financial information presented in accordance with GAAP. In addition, other companies, including companies in our industry, may calculate similarly-titled non-GAAP measures differently or may use other measures to evaluate their performance.

A reconciliation is provided below for each non-GAAP financial measure to the most directly comparable financial measure stated in accordance with GAAP. Investors are encouraged to review the related GAAP financial measures and the reconciliation of these non-GAAP financial measures to their most directly comparable GAAP financial measures, and not to rely on any single financial measure to evaluate our business. Adjusted Gross Profit and Adjusted Gross Margin Adjusted Gross Profit is a non-GAAP financial measure that we define as revenue less cost of revenue, excluding depreciation and amortization and excluding stock-based compensation.

We define Adjusted Gross Margin as our Adjusted Gross Profit divided by our revenue. We believe Adjusted Gross Profit and Adjusted Gross Margin are useful to investors as they eliminate the impact of certain non-cash expenses and allow a direct comparison of these measures between periods without the impact of non-cash expenses and certain other non-recurring operating expenses. The following is a reconciliation of revenue, the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure, to Adjusted Gross Profit, for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.

Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 (in thousands, except percentages) Technology Professional Services TotalRevenue$33,839 $22,007 $55,846 Cost of revenue, excluding depreciation and amortization(10,825) (16,513) (27,338)Gross profit, excluding depreciation and amortization23,014 5,494 28,508 Add. Stock-based compensation374 1,435 1,809 Adjusted Gross Profit$23,388 $6,929 $30,317 Gross margin, excluding depreciation and amortization68% 25% 51%Adjusted Gross Margin69% 31% 54% Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 (in thousands, except percentages) Technology Professional Services TotalRevenue$24,699 $20,417 $45,116 Cost of revenue, excluding depreciation and amortization(7,906) (16,162) (24,068)Gross profit, excluding depreciation and amortization16,793 4,255 21,048 Add. Stock-based compensation176 816 992 Adjusted Gross Profit$16,969 $5,071 $22,040 Gross margin, excluding depreciation and amortization68% 21% 47%Adjusted Gross Margin69% 25% 49% Adjusted EBITDA Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure that we define as net loss adjusted for (i) interest and other expense, net, (ii) income tax (benefit) provision, (iii) depreciation and amortization, (iv) stock-based compensation, (v) acquisition transaction costs, and (vi) change in fair value of contingent consideration liabilities when they are incurred.

We view acquisition-related expenses when applicable, such as transaction costs and changes in the fair value of contingent consideration liabilities that are directly related to business combinations as events that are not necessarily reflective of operational performance during a period. We believe Adjusted EBITDA provides investors with useful information on period-to-period performance as evaluated by management and comparison with our past financial performance and is useful in evaluating our operating performance compared to that of other companies in our industry, as this metric generally eliminates the effects of certain items that may vary from company to company for reasons unrelated to overall operating performance. The following is a reconciliation of our net loss, the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure, to Adjusted EBITDA, for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.

Three Months EndedMarch 31, 2021 2020 (in thousands)Net loss$(28,370) $(17,490)Add. Interest and other expense, net3,952 621 Income tax (benefit) provision101 (1,236)Depreciation and amortization7,814 2,877 Stock-based compensation13,510 8,741 Acquisition transaction costs— 875 Change in fair value of contingent consideration liabilities2,156 (359)Adjusted EBITDA$(837) $(5,971) Adjusted Net Loss Per Share Adjusted Net Loss is a non-GAAP financial measure that we define as net loss attributable to common stockholders adjusted for (i) stock-based compensation, (ii) amortization of acquired intangibles, (iii) acquisition transaction costs, (iv) change in fair value of contingent consideration liabilities, and (v) non-cash interest expense related to our convertible senior notes. We believe Adjusted Net Loss provides investors with useful information on period-to-period performance as evaluated by management and comparison with our past financial performance and is useful in evaluating our operating performance compared to that of other companies in our industry, as this metric generally eliminates the effects of certain items that may vary from company to company for reasons unrelated to overall operating performance.

Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 2020 Numerator:(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)Net loss attributable to common stockholders$(28,370) $(17,490)Add. Stock-based compensation13,510 8,741 Amortization of acquired intangibles7,081 2,150 Acquisition transaction costs— 875 Change in fair value of contingent consideration liabilities2,156 (359)Non-cash interest expense related to convertible senior notes2,870 — Adjusted Net Loss$(2,753) $(6,083)Denominator. Weighted-average number of shares used in calculating net loss, basic and diluted43,870,288 37,108,998 Adjusted net loss per share, basic and diluted$(0.06) $(0.16) Health Catalyst Investor Relations Contact:Adam BrownSenior Vice President, Investor Relations and FP&A+1 (855)-309-6800ir@healthcatalyst.com Health Catalyst Media Contact:Amanda HundtVice President, Corporate Communicationsamanda.hundt@healthcatalyst.com+1 (575) 491-0974SALT LAKE CITY, April 20, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Health Catalyst, Inc.

("Health Catalyst", Nasdaq. HCAT), a leading provider of data and analytics technology and services to healthcare organizations, will release its 2021 first quarter operating results on Thursday, May 6, 2021, after market close. In conjunction, the company will host a conference call to review the results at 5 p.m.

E.T. On the same day. Conference Call Details The conference call can be accessed by dialing 1-877-295-1104 for U.S.

Participants, or 1-470-495-9486 for international participants, and referencing participant code 9183315. A live audio webcast will be available online at https://ir.healthcatalyst.com/. A replay of the call will be available via webcast for on-demand listening shortly after the completion of the call, at the same web link, and will remain available for approximately 90 days.

About Health Catalyst Health Catalyst is a leading provider of data and analytics technology and services to healthcare organizations committed to being the catalyst for massive, measurable, data-informed healthcare improvement. Its customers leverage the cloud-based data platform—powered by data from more than 100 million patient records and encompassing trillions of facts—as well as its analytics software and professional services expertise to make data-informed decisions and realize measurable clinical, financial and operational improvements. Health Catalyst envisions a future in which all healthcare decisions are data informed.

Health Catalyst Investor Relations Contact. Adam BrownSenior Vice President, Investor Relations and FP&A+1 (855)-309-6800ir@healthcatalyst.com Health Catalyst Media Contact:Amanda Hundt+1 (575)-491-0974amanda.hundt@healthcatalyst.com.

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